Premium AI Image a close up of a lizard and a lizard on a table

Bearded dragons, known for their charming personalities and distinctive appearance, are becoming increasingly popular as pets. However, one intriguing aspect of their biology often raises questions among their owners: do bearded dragons pee? In this article, we will explore the urinary habits of these captivating creatures, shedding light on their mysterious ways.

The Enigmatic World of Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons, scientifically known as Pogona, are native to Australia and belong to the family Agamidae. These reptiles have unique characteristics, including a “beard” of spiky scales under their chin that they can puff up when threatened or excited. While many aspects of their behavior and biology have been studied extensively, their urinary habits remain a topic of curiosity.

Do Bearded Dragons Pee?

Yes, bearded dragons do eliminate waste, but not in the same way mammals do. They lack a conventional urinary system, so they don’t pee in the traditional sense. Instead, they excrete waste through a combination of methods, including urates and feces.

Urates: The Alternative to Urine

Bearded dragons produce a substance called urates, which is a white, chalky material. This is not urine but rather a product of their unique excretory system. Urates are expelled alongside feces and serve as a way for bearded dragons to remove excess nitrogen from their bodies.

Understanding Bearded Dragon Digestion

To comprehend their excretory habits better, it’s essential to understand the digestive process of bearded dragons.

Ingestion and Digestion

Bearded dragons are omnivores, meaning they eat both insects and plant matter. When they consume food, it goes through their digestive system, where nutrients are absorbed. Waste products, including urates, are formed as a result of this process.

Excretion Process

The excretion process involves the expulsion of urates and feces from the cloaca, a common opening for their digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. This combined waste is then eliminated from their bodies.

Factors Influencing Excretion

Several factors can influence how often and how much waste a bearded dragon eliminates.


The type of food they consume affects their waste production. A balanced diet is essential for their health.


Proper hydration can prevent the formation of excessively dry urates, which can be harmful.


Bearded dragons are ectothermic, meaning their body temperature depends on their environment. Temperature can impact their metabolic rate and, consequently, their waste production.

Premium AI Image A bearded dragon sits on a rock in the desert

Bearded Dragons: FAQs

How often do bearded dragons eliminate waste?

Bearded dragons typically excrete waste once every few days, but the frequency can vary based on their age, diet, and environmental conditions.

Should I be concerned if my bearded dragon’s urates are too dry?

Yes, extremely dry urates can indicate dehydration, which is a concern. Ensure your dragon has access to fresh water at all times.

Can bearded dragons hold their waste for an extended period?

Bearded dragons can hold their waste for a while, but it’s essential to provide them with proper conditions for elimination.

Is it normal for bearded dragons to have variations in their waste consistency?

Yes, variations can occur, but significant changes may indicate health issues, so monitoring their waste is crucial.

What should I do if my bearded dragon stops eliminating waste altogether?

If your dragon doesn’t excrete waste for an extended period, consult a reptile veterinarian immediately.

Can I potty train my bearded dragon?

While it’s not possible to potty train them in the traditional sense, you can observe their habits and provide a suitable environment for waste elimination.


In conclusion, bearded dragons do excrete waste, but it differs from traditional urine in mammals. Understanding their unique excretory system is vital for their well-being. By providing them with a balanced diet, proper hydration, and a suitable environment, you can ensure that your bearded dragon remains healthy and happy.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *